Know Your Brain:

The brain has three main parts, the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the brain stem. The brain is divided into regions that control specific functions.

THE CEREBRUM:

Frontal Lobe

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Responsible for:

  • Behavior
  • Problem solving
  • Attention
  • Creative thought
  • Some emotion
  • Reflection
  • Judgment
  • Initiative
  • Coordination of movements
  • Some eye movements
  • Sense of smell
  • Muscle movements
  • Skilled movements
  • Physical reaction
  • Libido (sexual urges)

 

Occipital Lobe

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Responsible for:

  • Vision
  • Reading

 

 

Parietal Lobe

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Responsible for:

  • Sense of touch
  • Appreciation of form through touch
  • Response to internal stimuli
  • Sensory combination and comprehension
  • Some language and reading functions
  • Some visual functions

 

Temporal Lobe

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Responsible for:

  • Auditory memories
  • Some hearing
  • Visual memories
  • Some vision pathways
  • Music
  • Some language
  • Some speech
  • Some behavior and emotions
  • Sense of identity

 

 

THE BRAIN STEM

  • Motor and sensory pathway to body and face
  • Vital centers: cardiac, respiratory, vasomotor

 

Hypothalamus

  • Moods and motivation
  • Sexual maturation
  • Temperature regulation
  • Hormonal body processes

 

Optic Chiasm

  • Vision and the optic nerve

 

Pituitary Gland

  • Hormonal body processes
  • Physical maturation
  • Growth (height and form)
  • Sexual maturation
  • Sexual functioning

 

Spinal Cord

  • Conduit and source of sensation and movement

 

Ventricles and Cerebral Aqueduct

  • Contains the cerebrospinal fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord

 

Right Hemisphere (the representational hemisphere)

  • The right hemisphere controls the left side of the body
  • Temporal and spatial relationships
  • Analyzing nonverbal information
  • Communicating emotion

 

Left Hemisphere (the categorical hemisphere)

  • The left hemisphere controls the right side of the body
  • Produce and understand language

 

Corpus Callosum

 

  •   Communication between the left and right side of the brain

 

THE CEREBELLUM

  • Balance
  • Posture
  • Cardiac, respiratory, and vasomotor centers