- Wyrd:this refers to fate.This concept was used in the Anglo-Saxon world where it meant that the person is doomed and can influence fate's outcome only through courage.
troll - Grendel and Grendel's mother the paper by Dariya Bidnyk
worm: this term was used to refer to a dragon in Beowulf
- Last Survivor: He is the last warrior of the great tribe who gives a speech similar to the ubi sunt passage in "The Wanderer"
- Ubi Sunt: in literal translation means "Where have they gone?" This is the famous speech in "The Wanderer."