Investigate and Design
Multi-Biometric System


Project Description

Some high-level biometric systems combine, or fuse, several biometrics to increase performance over that of the individual biometric systems. Biometric information fusion will be explored using algorithms defined in the professional literature, which may include the Sum Rule, Product Rule, Max Rule, Min Rule, Median Rule, and the Majority Vote Rule. New algorithms will also be explored. This is a continuation of earlier projects [1-3]. Fusing algorithms will be explored at some or all of the available levels of biometric information analysis:

Project Development Methodology

Your doctoral student Leigh Anne Clevenger prefers you work in an Agile format and will guide you in this project development methodology which involves: "frequent delivery of quality product", for example every two weeks, and "do the best you can with what you know now".

Project Deliverables


  1. Chris Chiffriller, Gabriel Dos Santos, Chris George, Subah Sachdeva, Leigh Anne Clevenger, and John V. Monaco, Multi-Biometric System, Proc. Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 2015.
  2. Todd Breuer, Paola Garcia Cardenas, Anu George, Hung Hai Le, Leigh Anne Clevenger and Vinnie Monaco, Multi-Biometrics: Keystroke and Mouse Motion Fusion at the Classification Output Level, Proc. Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 2015.
  3. Leigh Anne Clevenger, Laura Davis, Paola Garcia Cardenas, Onenetta Labeach, Vinny Monaco, and James Ng, Designing a Multi-Biometric System to Fuse Classification Output of Several Pace University Biometric Systems, Proc. Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 2014.
  4. Fridman, A., et al., Decision Fusion for Multi-Modal Active Authentication, IT Professional, Vol 15, No 4, July-Aug 2013, pp 29-33.
  5. T. Fujisaki, et al., Hybrid on-line handwriting recognition and optical character recognition system, U.S. Patent 6011865, 2000.
  6. Calvin Chan, Enpaksh Airon, Gowtham Narasimhaiah, Usha Aiyer, Ned Bakelman, and Vinnie Monaco, Multi-Biometric System, Proc. Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, 2013.