Lecture 1 HTML

Chapter 1

Example 1


<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<Title>Home Page for Lawrence M. Brown</Title>
</HEAD>
<BODY BGCOLOR="WHITE">
<H1 ALIGN="CENTER">Home Page for Lawrence M. Brown</H1>
<HR>
<IMG SRC="images/nswc.gif" WIDTH=300 HEIGHT=117
HSPACE=10 VSPACE=5 ALIGN="LEFT" ALT="NSWC Logo">
Senior Network Engineer<BR>
<A HREF="http://www.dt.navy.mil/">
Naval Surface Warfare Center</A><BR>
9500 MacArthur Boulevard<BR>
West Bethesda, Maryland, MD 20817-5700<BR>
<I>email:</I> <A HREF="mailto:brown@corewebprogramming.com">
brown@corewebprogramming.com</A><BR>
<I>Phone:</I> (301) 277-4648<BR CLEAR="ALL">
<P>
This is my personal home page. For more specific
programming-related resources pages, please see:
<!-- Rest of Sample Page Deleted -->
</BODY>
</HTML>
 
 
 

Example 2


HTML Document Template

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Title</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Main Heading</H1>

<!-- Rest of page goes here -->

</BODY>
</HTML>
 
 
 
 
 

Example 3


HEAD section using Meta Tag

<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Why You Should Buy Windows 2000</TITLE>
  <BASE HREF="http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/">
  <META NAME="author" CONTENT="Bill Gates">
  <META NAME="keywords"
        CONTENT="Windows,Advocacy,OS,Operating Systems">
  <META NAME="description"
        CONTENT="A summary of the advantages of Windows 2000.">
</HEAD>
 
 
 

Example 4


Automatic reloading

<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Why You Should Buy Windows 2000</TITLE>
  <META HTTP-EQUIV="Refresh" CONTENT="1800">
</HEAD>
 
 
 
 

Example 5


Forwarding

<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Why You Should Buy Windows 2000 (New Address)</TITLE>
  <META HTTP-EQUIV="Refresh"
        CONTENT="5;
                 URL=http://www.apple.com/Buy-Win2000.html">
</HEAD>
 


 
 
 

Example 6


Heading

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>My First Web Page</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
<H1>My First Web Page</H1>
<!-- Remainder of HTML Document Here -->
</BODY>
</HTML>
 


 
 

Chapter 2

Headings

Example 1

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Document Headings</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
Samples of the six heading types:
<H1>Level-1 (H1)</H1>
<H2 ALIGN="CENTER">Level-2 (H2)</H2>
<H3><U>Level-3 (H3)</U></H3>
<H4 ALIGN="RIGHT">Level-4 (H4)</H4>
<H5>Level-5 (H5)</H5>
<H6>Level-6 (H6)</H6>
</BODY>

</HTML>


 
 

Legal Heading

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Legal Headings</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>

<H2><I>An Italic Heading</I></H2>
<H2><A NAME="Section5">Section Five</A></H2>

</BODY>
</HTML>

 
 

Illegal Heading

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Illegal Headings</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>

<I><H2>An Italic Heading</H2></I>

<A NAME="Section5"><H2>Section Five</H2></A>

</BODY>
</HTML>


 
 

Explicit Paragraph Tags

<HTML>

<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Fully Specified Tags</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<P>
Paragraph 1
</P>
<P>
Paragraph 2
</P>
<P>
Paragraph 3
</P>
</BODY>

</HTML>


 
 

Implied Paragraph Tags

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Implied Tags</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
Paragraph 1
<P>
Paragraph 2
<P>
Paragraph 3
</BODY>

</HTML>


 

Numbered, Bulleted, and Indented Lists

Simple List

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Numbered List</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Numbered List</H1>

A sample list:
<OL>
  <LI>List Item One
  <LI>List Item Two
  <LI>List Item Three
</OL>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Nested Ordered List

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Nested Ordered Lists</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Nested Ordered Lists</H1>

<OL TYPE="I">
  <LI>Headings
  <LI>Basic Text Sections
  <LI>Lists
      <OL TYPE="A">
        <LI>Ordered
            <OL TYPE="1">
              <LI>The OL tag
                  <OL TYPE="a">
                    <LI>TYPE
                    <LI>START
                    <LI>COMPACT
                  </OL>
              <LI>The LI tag
            </OL>
        <LI>Unordered
            <OL TYPE="1">
              <LI>The UL tag
              <LI>The LI tag
            </OL>
        <LI>Definition
            <OL TYPE="1">
              <LI>The DL tag
              <LI>The DT tag
              <LI>The DD tag
            </OL>
      </OL>
  <LI>Miscellaneous
</OL>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Bulleted Lists

Simple Bullet

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Bulleted List</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Bulleted List</H1>

A sample list:
<UL>
  <LI>List Item One
  <LI>List Item Two
  <LI>List Item Three
</UL>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 
 

Tables

Simple Table

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Simple Table</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Simple Table</H1>

<TABLE BORDER=1>
  <CAPTION>Table Caption</CAPTION>
  <TR><TH>Heading1</TH>      <TH>Heading2</TH></TR>
  <TR><TD>Row1 Col1 Data</TD><TD>Row1 Col2 Data</TD></TR>
  <TR><TD>Row2 Col1 Data</TD><TD>Row2 Col2 Data</TD></TR>
  <TR><TD>Row3 Col1 Data</TD><TD>Row3 Col2 Data</TD></TR>
</TABLE>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Tic-Tac-Toe

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>2000 World Championship</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H2 ALIGN="CENTER">2000 World Championship</H2>
Final result in the 2000 world tic-tac-toe championship.
Deep Green is "X", Barry Kasparov is "O".
<TABLE ALIGN="CENTER" BORDER=1 FRAME="VOID">
  <TR><TH>X<TH>O<TH>X
  <TR><TH>X<TH>O<TH>X
  <TR><TH>O<TH>X<TH>O
</TABLE>
</BODY>
 

Table Background Color


 

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>WWW Standards</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY BGCOLOR="WHITE">
<H1 ALIGN="CENTER">WWW Standards</H1>

<TABLE BORDER=1 BGCOLOR="#EEEEEE">
  <TR BGCOLOR="BLACK">
    <TH><FONT COLOR="WHITE">Standard</FONT>
    <TH><FONT COLOR="WHITE">Obsolete Version</FONT>
    <TH><FONT COLOR="WHITE">Most Widely Supported
    Version</FONT>
    <TH><FONT COLOR="WHITE">Upcoming Version</FONT>
  <TR><TD>HTML
      <TD>3.2
      <TD>4.0
      <TD>XHTML
  <TR><TD>HTTP
      <TD>1.0
      <TD>1.1
      <TD>1.2
</TABLE>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Table Column Spans

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Colspan</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Colspan</H1>

<TABLE BORDER=1>
  <TR><TH COLSPAN=2>Col 1&2 Heading
      <TH>Col3 Heading
  <TR><TD>Col1 Data
      <TD>Col2 Data
      <TD>Col3 Data
</TABLE>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Table Row Spans

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Rowspan</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Rowspan</H1>

<TABLE BORDER=1>
  <TR><TH>Heading1<TH>Heading2
  <TR><TD ROWSPAN=2>Data for Row 1&2, Col1
      <TD>Row1 Col2 Data
  <TR><TD>Row2 Col2 Data
</TABLE>
 

Table Groups

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Table Groups</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Table Groups</H1>

<TABLE BORDER=1 CELLPADDING=4 RULES="GROUPS">
  <CAPTION>Table Groups
  <THEAD>
    <TR><TH>Table Head<TH>Table Head
  <TBODY>
    <TR><TD>Group 1<TD>Group 1
    <TR><TD>Group 1<TD>Group 1
  <TBODY ALIGN="RIGHT">
    <TR><TD>Group 2<TD>Group 2
    <TR><TD>Group 2<TD>Group 2
  <TFOOT ALIGN="CENTER">
    <TR><TD COLSPAN=2>Footer
</TABLE>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 
 

Chapter 3: Text-Level Elements

Physical Character Styles

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Physical Character Styles</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY BGCOLOR="WHITE">
<H1>Physical Character Styles</H1>

<B>Bold</B><BR>
<I>Italic</I><BR>
<TT>Teletype (Monospaced)</TT><BR>
<U>Underlined</U><BR>
Subscripts: f<SUB>0</SUB> + f<SUB>1</SUB><BR>
Superscripts: x<SUP>2</SUP> + y<SUP>2</SUP><BR>
<SMALL>Smaller</SMALL><BR>
<BIG>Bigger</BIG><BR>
<STRIKE>Strike Through</STRIKE><BR>
<B><I>Bold Italic</I></B><BR>
<BIG><TT>Big Monospaced</TT></BIG><BR>
<SMALL><I>Small Italic</I></SMALL><BR>
<FONT COLOR="GRAY">Gray</FONT><BR>
<DEL>Delete</DEL><BR>
<INS>Insert</INS><BR>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Logical Character Styles

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Logical Character Styles</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY BGCOLOR="WHITE">
<H1>Logical Character Styles</H1>

<EM>Emphasized</EM><BR>
<STRONG>Strongly Emphasized</STRONG><BR>
<CODE>Code</CODE><BR>
<SAMP>Sample Output</SAMP><BR>
<KBD>Keyboard Text</KBD><BR>
<DFN>Definition</DFN><BR>
<VAR>Variable</VAR><BR>
<CITE>Citation</CITE><BR>
<EM><CODE>Emphasized Code</CODE></EM><BR>
<FONT COLOR="GRAY"><CITE>Gray Citation</CITE></FONT><BR>
<ACRONYM TITLE="Java Development Kit">JDK Acronym</ACRONYM>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Specifying Hypertext Links

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Hypertext Links</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1>Hypertext Links</H1>

The official HTML specifications are available from
<A HREF="http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/"> the World Wide Web Consortium
(W3C)</A>, with some examples given in
<A HREF="HTML-Examples.html">my example page</A>.

The Java programming language is discussed in
<A HREF="#Section-3">Section 3</A>. For a discussion of COBOL,
see <A HREF="johndoe.html#COBOL">my husband's home page</A>.

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Embedded Images

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Image Alignment</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1 ALIGN="CENTER">Image Alignment</H1>

<TABLE BORDER=1>
  <TR><TH>Alignment
      <TH>Result
  <TR><TH><CODE>LEFT</CODE>
      <TD><IMG SRC="rude-pc.gif" ALIGN="LEFT"
               ALT="Rude PC" WIDTH=54 HEIGHT=77>
          This positions the image at the left side,
          with text flowing around it on the right.
  <TR><TH><CODE>RIGHT</CODE>
      <TD><IMG SRC="rude-pc.gif" ALIGN="RIGHT"
               ALT="Rude PC" WIDTH=54 HEIGHT=77>
          This positions the image at the right side,
          with text flowing around it on the left.
  <TR><TH><CODE>TOP</CODE>
      <TD><IMG SRC="rude-pc.gif" ALIGN="TOP"
               ALT="Rude PC" WIDTH=54 HEIGHT=77>
          Here, the image runs into the paragraph
          and the line containing the image is
          aligned with the image top.
  <TR><TH><CODE>BOTTOM</CODE>
      <TD><IMG SRC="rude-pc.gif" ALIGN="BOTTOM"
               ALT="Rude PC" WIDTH=54 HEIGHT=77>
          Here, the image runs into the paragraph
          and the line containing the image is aligned
          with the image bottom.
  <TR><TH><CODE>MIDDLE</CODE>
      <TD><IMG SRC="rude-pc.gif" ALIGN="MIDDLE"
               ALT="Rude PC" WIDTH=54 HEIGHT=77>
          Here, the image runs into the paragraph
          and the line containing the image is aligned
          with the image center.
</TABLE>

</BODY>
</HTML>
 

Client-Side Image Maps

<HTML>
<HEAD>
  <TITLE>Kansas Topography</TITLE>
</HEAD>

<BODY>
<H1 ALIGN="CENTER">Kansas Topography</H1>
Click on a region of Kansas to get information on
the terrain in that area.
<P>
<IMG SRC="kansas.gif" ALT="Kansas" WIDTH=385 HEIGHT=170
     USEMAP="#Kansas" BORDER=0>
<MAP NAME="Kansas">
  <AREA HREF="nw.html"
        SHAPE="RECT"
        COORDS="0,0,192,85"
        ALT="North West">
  <AREA HREF="ne.html"
        SHAPE="RECT"
        COORDS="193,0,385,85"
        ALT="North East">
  <AREA HREF="sw.html"
        SHAPE="RECT"
        COORDS="0,86,192,170"
        ALT="South West">
  <AREA HREF="se.html"
        SHAPE="RECT"
        COORDS="193,86,385,170"
        ALT="South East">
</MAP>
</BODY>
</HTML>